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How to create IPS repository in Solaris 11.2 ?

Image packaging system(IPS) repository is one of the important element from Solaris 11 onwards. For an example, to install any new package or install the zones, you need IPS repository.In Solaris 11.2 release, oracle automated the IPS little bit by providing the script to merge the piece  of repo files and performing the checksum automatically. We just need to download the repo files,md5checkum  and script in one location and follow the below article to create a IPS repository locally.

We can categories repertoires as, 

  1. Oracle Release repository
  2. Oracle Support Repository
  3. Oracle Local repository.
  • Oracle Release repository requires internet connection and this repo has all the new updates.It will use http connection.
UA_SOL11# pkg publisher
solaris		origin	online	http://pkg.oracle.com/solaris/release/
  • Oracle Support repository also requires internet connection and this repo is available only for customers who availed oracle support.It will use secure http connection.
UA-SOL11#pkg publisher
solaris                     origin   online F https://pkg.oracle.com/solaris/support/
  • Oracle local repository will be created on the local systems using the downloaded repository files from oracle.Here we are going to see how  to create a local repository using oracle’s automated script .

1. Download the repository files from oracle website.

Oracle Repo files
Oracle Repo files

2.Keep all the downloaded files in same directory of solaris 11.1/11.2 server .  Make sure you have re-named the md5sum file like below.

UA-CLOUD@root#ls -lrt
total 14373947
-rwx------   1 root     root     1771800121 Aug  9 08:24 sol-11_2-repo-1of4.zip
-rwx------   1 root     root     1889867782 Aug  9 11:20 sol-11_2-repo-2of4.zip
-rwx------   1 root     root     1902167161 Aug  9 22:34 sol-11_2-repo-3of4.zip
-rwx------   1 root     root     1790358735 Aug 10 00:16 sol-11_2-repo-4of4.zip
-rwx------   1 root     root        5594 Aug 10 20:16 install-repo.ksh
-rwx------   1 root     root         228 Aug 10 20:17 sol-11_2-repo-md5sums.txt
drwxr-xr-x   2 root     root           2 Aug 10 20:40 repo

3.Set the executable bit for install-repo.ksh and execute like below. “-v” option will take more time to complete since its going to verify each package. If you don’t want to verify, just skip it  and that will save lot of time.

UA-CLOUD@root#./install-repo.ksh -d /UAIPS/repo/ -v -c
Comparing checksums of downloaded files...done. Checksums match.

Uncompressing sol-11_2-repo-1of4.zip...done.
Uncompressing sol-11_2-repo-2of4.zip...done.
Uncompressing sol-11_2-repo-3of4.zip...done.
Uncompressing sol-11_2-repo-4of4.zip...done.
Repository can be found in /UAIPS/repo/.
Initiating repository verification.


This script provides the option to create ISO repo as well. To create ISO, just give option  “-I” in the above command.

install-repo.ksh -d dest [-s zipsrc] [-i image-name] [-c] [-v] [-I]
-d dest   = destination directory to hold repository
-s zipsrc = full path to directory holding zip files. default: current
-i image  = name of image: e.g. sol-11_2. default: name found in directory
-c        = compare checksums of downloaded zip files
-v        = verify repo after unzipping
-I        = create an ISO image

4. Navigate to the repo directory and see the newly created repository files.

UA-CLOUD@root#cd /UAIPS/repo
UA-CLOUD@root#ls -lrt
total 31
-rw-r--r--   1 root     root         347 Jun 25 05:25 pkg5.repository
-rwxr-xr-x   1 root     root        5970 Jun 25 10:15 README-repo-iso.txt
-rw-r--r--   1 root     root        1625 Jun 25 10:15 NOTICES
-rw-r--r--   1 root     root        3246 Jun 25 10:15 COPYRIGHT
drwxr-xr-x   3 root     root           3 Aug 10 20:41 publisher

5.Check the current publisher.

UA-CLOUD@root#pkg publisher
solaris                     origin   online F http://pkg.oracle.com/solaris/release/

6.Set new publisher.  Path will be same as what we have given in step 3.

UA-CLOUD@root#pkg set-publisher -G '*' -M '*' -g file:///UAIPS/repo solaris
UA-CLOUD@root#pkg publisher
solaris                     origin   online F file:///UAIPS/repo/

7.Make sure the system repository service is pointing to the local repo. If not just edit the SMF.

# svccfg -s application/pkg/server setprop pkg/inst_root=/UAIPS/repo

Check your work:

# svcprop -p pkg/inst_root application/pkg/server

Reload the pkg.depotd repository service.

# svcadm refresh application/pkg/server

We have successfully deployed the oracle Solaris 11.2 repository locally.This is very simple compare to Solaris 11.1 Repo creation since script does,everything here.

IPS commands usage with output

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  1. Thank you for the tutorials.

    Can I use the repo of 11.3 on an existing installation of Solaris 11.2?

  2. when you make sol-11_2-repo-md5sums.txt in your host,please ensure that no space is left after each line of checksum ,as checksums should match .
    for example:- after following line
    62384c43cfb71c459e8e08c98f410c43 sol-11_3-repo_1of5.zip
    no white space should exist at the end of line

  3. Need Solaris 11 Server build doc……………….

  4. My name is Vijay. I am working as solaris admin. Upto zones i have an idea. Coming to Ldoms i am not that much stuff, and i am not working in Ldom also. Recently i have changed one project, in that Solaris 11.3 builds is there. I have no building exp also. In that builds create one control domain and one guest domain. Please help me out. it is very urgent.

    we have new server(T7-1) build came. Please find my requirement below.

    One control domain
    One I/O domain
    3(or)4 Global zones
    In that Global zones 0(or)1 Non-global zones.

  5. Thank for this nice article